Regulatory Impact Assessment to be extended to the draft laws of the State Duma
The prospects of inclusion of draft laws of the State Duma of the Russian Federation and other subjects of legislative initiative into the scope of Regulatory Impact Assessment procedures (RIA) was discussed on April 23, 2015 in the Civic Chamber of the Russian Federation.
The Ministry of Economic Development and the Civic Chamber of the Russian Federation agreed that RIA procedure should precede the second reading.
“Institute of Regulatory Impact Assessment of draft regulations was introduced into the law-making practice in 2010. RIA was positively evaluated by business community as a tool to voice their own position to the authorities. However, the procedure needs to be improved and further popularized” – said the Chairman of the Commission on Small and Medium business of the Civic Chamber of the Russian Federation Dmitry Sazonov opening the public hearings.
The purpose of RIA, according to him, is to identify the possible positive and negative implications of the draft act: the identification of excessive duties, requirements and restrictions for citizens and legal entities.
In December 2014 the Secretary of the Civic Chamber of the Russian Federation Alexander Brechalov appealed to Russian President Vladimir Putin with a proposal to extend the scope of Regulatory Impact Assessment to the regulatory legal acts initiated by the State Duma and other subjects of legislative initiative. On March 12, 2015 a positive response was received.
Director of the Regulatory Impact Assessment Department of the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation Vadim Zhivulin cited statistics of the State legislative process for the last few years. Thus, according to him, the Government on average submits three times more draft regulations than planned to the State Duma, the load on the decision-making system is increasing annually by 10-20%, only 328 out of 1,688 introduced draft laws in 2014 passed RIA procedure and over a third of draft documents were finally adopted.
“Enhancing the dynamics of the rulemaking process raises fears and concerns of the business community – they need clear and understandable mechanisms to influence the situation. There are more than 700 subjects of legislative initiative in Russia and their law-making process should be made more transparent and open,”- said Vadim Zhivulin.
“One the most probable options for introducing RIA practice into the State Duma is preparation of the IA report before the second reading when the concept has been approved and the majority of the amendments have already been made. This will save human and organizational resources” - he added.
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