Federal Law from March 30, 1999 of No. 52-FZ


 The present Federal Law shall be aimed at the sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population as one of the main conditions for the implementation of the constitutional rights of citizens to the protection of health and favourable environment.

The sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population shall be ensured by means of:
- the prophylaxis of diseases in accordance with the sanitary and epidemiological situation and the forecast of its change;
- control over taking sanitary antiepidemic (preventive) measures and mandatory observance by citizens, individual businessmen and legal entities of sanitary rules as a component part of the activities exercised by them;
- the stimulation of economic interest of private persons, individual entrepreneurs and legal entities with the observance of the Russian legislation in the sphere of the sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population;
- state sanitary and epidemiological norm-setting;
- state sanitary and epidemiological supervision;
- the certification of products, works and services potentially endangering man;
- the licensing of the activities potentially endangering man;
- the state registration of the potentially dangerous chemical and biological substances, particular products, radioactive substances, production and consumption waste, and also of  particular products brought for the first time into the Russian Federation;
- the socio-hygienic monitoring;
- scientific research into the sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population;
- measures for the timely informing of the population about the incidence of infectious diseases, mass non-infectious diseases (poisoning), the state of the habitat and sanitary and antiepidemic (preventive) measures;
- measures for the hygienic education and education of the population and marketing of a healthy way of life;
- measures for calling to account for the violation of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the sphere of the sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population.